The Golf Fundamentals are the 5 key elements of a good setup, or Setup Fundamentals. Every golfer must go through each step before attempting to swing the golf club. They are easily remembered by the acronym APPPS:
- Position of the hands (Griping the club)
- Position of the ball
- Stance (Position of the feet) and Stability
As you may know, the key points of each fundamental vary according to the shot to be made (putting, chipping, pitching, flop shot, greenside bunker, fairway bunker, full swing on a flat lie, uphill lie, downhill lie, ball above the feet, ball below the feet, ball in deep rough, etc.).
Here are some other situations where the golfer must adjust his/her setup:
- The alignment must be opened for the short game: to the left for the right-handed, but to the right for the left-handed.
- The posture will be more or less vertical depending on the length of the club shaft.
- Regarding the position of the hands, there are two types of grip: one for the putting, called palmar (handle in the palm of the hand), and the other for all other shots, called digital (handle in the fingers). The orientation of the hands also differs for the short game compared to the long game: weak grip (hands rotated towards the target) for the short game, strong grip (hands rotated away from the target) for the long game.
- The position of the ball also fluctuates according to several parameters, including the desired ball trajectory and the technique used: chip, pitch, half-swing, full swing, etc.
- Finally, the width of the feet, or stance, varies too. In general, the closer the golfer is to the hole, the closer his/her feet are, except for the putting where I recommend a wide stance similar to that for the tee shot.
You got it: it is more complicated than it seems, but so crucial.
How important are the golf fundamentals?
Some golf teachers believe that the fundamentals account for up to 80% of a golfer success since they place him/her in an optimal setup for the shot involved. That’s why you must make sure you understand the basics and the terms of golf first. I can not stress enough this last tip: learn golf from a qualified golf teacher. You will thank me a thousand times!